SURVIVAL OF THE NIGERIAN STATE: ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS

NIGERIA CHANGE

Nigeria as a country has been through different stages in its
continuous growth and development. The journey started in the year
1914 when Nigeria was amalgamated by Lord Lugard. During this period
the country was colonized by the British. They built schools,
constructed railways, amongst several other things. Despite these, the
demand by Nigerians to rule themselves began to gain momentum and
eventually by the 1st of October 1960, she gained her independence.
She later became a republic in 1963.
At independence, the Nigerian nation held out a lot of promise, both
politically and economically. For instance, she had 3[three] self
sustaining regions which subsequently increased to 4[four] in 1963.
These regions were known as Northern Region, Western Region, Eastern
Region and Mid Western Region respectively. These regions had their
different political administrations which reflected the diverse
social, political and cultural wishes of the majority of the Nigerian
people. Hence it was not surprising that Nigeria witnessed a
tremendous growth and development in its economy during this period.
It was during these era that groundnut pyramids in the North gained
ascendancy, the cocoa plantations in the West became popular, and even
Malaysia came for Nigeria’s oil palm seeds in the oil palm plantations
in the Easter region. In addition important monuments such as the
Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Cocoa House in Ibadan and the
University Of Nigeria Nsukka were built during this era.
However, these positive trends in the development of Nigeria, was
interrupted by the discovery of crude oil in commercial quantities at
Oloibiri in present day Bayelsa State and also by the several military
incursions into the governance of Nigeria over the years. Some
scholars have attempted to link the present not to impressive position
of the Nigerian economy and politics to the activities of the military
during their rule. By their very nature, the military has a structured
and centralized command system this some have argued, is incompatible
with a diverse and plural nation like Nigeria. This has led to a
situation where in an attempt to gain legitimacy and compel obedience
amongst the county’s diverse people several decisions which tend to
rubbish national institutions and also desecrate national values and
ethos with its multiplier effects on the economy and politics of
Nigeria. In addition the several military incursions stifled dissent
which also led to the breaking up of the country into many states some
of which were not viable. The concentration of too much power in the
center and in the hands of the president, has also contrived to slow
down the economic and even political progress of Nigeria.
In addition to these, the discovery of crude oil in Nigeria which
coincided with the oil boom era [increase in the world prices of crude
oil] led to the abandonment of the agricultural sector, in pursuit of
easy and free money which consequently turned the whole Nigerian
economy into an import driven economy. During this era, the country
was awash with money so to speak as many projects across the length
and breadth of the country. Although the country was just emerging
from the throes of a civil war some analysts were of the opinion that
Nigeria could have laid the foundation for an enduring development of
the economy then. But this was frittered away as it was during this
period that corruption and nepotism became rampant in Nigeria’s public
service. A period which should have transformed the country
progressively led to an unprecedented decline in the fortunes of the
country due to corruption and mismanagement by her leaders.
In conclusion, for the survival of the Nigerian state, both
economically and politically, particularly in the 21st century, we
need to take a look at how the Nigerian state is organized, as this is
what determines our political and economic development. This can be
done by giving agriculture a place of prominence and also empowering
the states of the federation to be able to use their resources the way
they deem fit.
OBIOMA G NDUKWU AND BABS IWALEWA

Advertisements

Trullo

I reckon

Antonio De Simone architetto

Ostuni (BR) / Italia / 2015
DETTAGLI DEL PROGETTO
Anno: 2015
Status: Proposte non realizzate
Tipologia: Residenza di campagna / Rustici

Il progetto è situato all’interno del territorio delle Valle d’Itria, parte meridionale dell’altopiano delle Murge, che comprende le città di Ostuni, Cisternino e Locorotondo, tale luogo è chiamato anche la “Valle dei Trulli”. La proposta progettuale riguarda una ristrutturazione di un trullo pugliese, edificato nel tempo, come ricovero temporaneo di campagna, rappresenta una tipica costruzione in pietra a secco di forma conica, ed è immerso tra le campagne tipiche, ricche di campi ulivi, vigne e masserie, che ne denotano questo panorama caratterizzante l’aspetto della Puglia e in particolare del Salento. La struttura all’interno è costituita da una sala, che funge da zona di raccordo tra la cucina, le due stanze da letto ed il bagno. Tutti vani presentano solai con l’andamento conico della struttura dei trulli, eccetto il bagno…

View original post 267 more words

Behind the curtains

image

There, under skins and broken bones…away from cheering onlookers, when time is a friend and feet are hot…right in the dark
We become us again and though we ought to grope, we see better; know better, just how every bit of life spins…
It is behind the veils and these faces masked to render involuntary smiles, behind; where pain lurks and ease is far, when names stink!
It’s beyond this wall…i need to be me, i need to be for myself and unto others, a light and salt
Just in that moment of my night when i am alone, i want to be a true light and path to follow…
For behind, as across the Berlin wall, we bleed the veins, arteries are open and lives dangle on balances!
Alone we probe the equity of a jury and a judge…
But behind went He; those walls and curtains…
A lamb and truth he was all the way…
Undefiled and unabashed through and through,
Behind the veil, broken pieces of the walls of partition were scattered!
Salvaged beyond the veils…right where mercy sits, life eternal and peace becomes…
Behind…where my wholeness in the strength of weaknesses renewed….

I see you within not without, visage marred and love outpoured
To render just the unjust, saving altogether the mighty and weak…
It is this that keeps us behind, stronger and wiser though within we fail.

Sidewalk tunes

image

From the ball dance to the  sidewalk in low tune conversations…away from the boogie man, savouring those moments that swiftly flew away like the summer birds or sweet smell beneath my nostrils

I was in the picture when i was a part of love’s lure, a hue so distinct, by an instinct beyond the feelings of bliss, not amiss amidst the maddening crowd

Until it was mayday call from some where in life’s  Bermuda triangle of love…one story accounts for the backstabbing scenery, one without the complete truth about a man and woman reasons to stay together

Staying on with my hurt, i was there when little foxes visited the vines…little lies, little wiles, little guiles…all at once! I gave heed to vices perceived in the presence of all.
I could ask for friends and less foes or angels not demons but it is a highway to hell, this walk with the romances and advances of my imminent past, wrapped in the weakness of an intrinsic prejudice…it is all i need now, an end to prostituting with the “old” man!
Thus, life is better on the sidewalk!

(Image sourced from google)